UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

BELGIAN MISSION, Code: (BeM)

RECORDS, 174-1994

(bulk dates, 1987-1994 )

14 Boxes (1.5 linear meters)

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open.

PHOTOGRAPHS: In Box 0007, folders 0063 and 0064

VISUAL MATERIAL:

AUDIO MATERIAL: None

PRINTED MATERIAL: Located in boxes 0014

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Xolani Malawana and Malefyane Mogale, June 2003

REVISED BY : Africa Media Online (Kulu Mushaka), Mosoabuli Maamoe ,October 2017

 

Historical background on Belgian Mission

The Belgian Mission was among the earliest of the international offices opened by the African National Congress. As the site of the EEC (European Economic Community) or Common Market, and the Benelux (Belgium-Netherlands-Luxembourg) Economic Union, Brussels was seen to be an important location. The ANC mission formed close links early on with the ACP/EEC (African, Caribbean Pacific group of States) and the EEC.

However, in the absence of recorded information on the setting up of the Belgian Mission we have relied primarily on the report of Rose Motsepe, the ANC Women’s representative in Western Europe who was based in Brussels from 1981-1987. Her report was presented to the ANC Women’s Conference in Luanda, September 1987, and is located in Box 1 File 15 of the Belgian Mission. Her husband, Godfrey Motsepe, was appointed Chief Representative for the Benelux countries, based in Brussels. His work extended over Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg and he worked closely with the Scandinavian countries, particularly Sweden, and with France. Godfrey became a central figure in ANC solidarity work in Europe, ably partnered by Rose.

Rose found her work in Belgium difficult at first due to the split between the Flemish and French speaking populations. This is reflected in the Anti-Apartheid Movement having two groups one of which was VAAK (Vlaamse Anti-Apartheids koordinatie) as well as a very active Comite Contre Colonisation et l’Apartheid. The split affected women’s groups, trade unions and political parties which led to each group operating separately and in turn complicated the work of the mission.

The conservative, reserved nature of Belgian people presented a challenge and the main support for the mission first came from CCCA and OXFAM.

Funding was extremely limited, as women’s organisations were small and women were short of money. The missions were expected to raise funds in situ by building up support from sympathetic groups and individuals. Dutch solidarity was their mainstay.

However, with time, the work of the mission, much aided by the commitment of Rose Motsepe, bore fruit and requests for speakers, correspondence from organisations and individuals flowed into the office and diplomatic connections were built with the Embassies in the country. In December 1986 a “Seminar in Solidarity with South African Women and Children” was held in Brussels. The “Free the Children” campaign drew thousands of signatures which were handed into the South African Embassy in Brussels at a successful June 16th commemoration of the Soweto uprising; a gathering which brought together “both Flemish and French in an unusual display of cooperation..”

In 1989 Godfrey Motsepe left the mission. In November of that year, Ted Pekane took up his post as Chief Representative of the Belgian Mission. All the African Embassies in Belgium were included in the invitations to the reception. He held the post until 1991/92 when Sisa Ngombane took on the task of informing solidarity groups of the progress of negotiations towards democratic elections and the transformation of South Africa.

 

Scope and Content Note

The Belgian Mission papers of the ANC are stored in 15 boxes.

The papers are divided into 1 series with 2 sub series : Subject Files and Correspondence.

The Sub Series 1 -Subject File s is the strongest in the collection consisting of 90 folders in Boxes 0001 to 0010. Subject matter reflected in this series includes ANC generated documents, reports of Conferences seminars, speeches as well as information from ANC and Belgian Mission connected organizations, miscellaneous papers from the European Community, COSATU, interviews, invitations and the like. It also has papers from the multi-party negotiations, NGO’s, photographs, press cuttings, projects, reports and some United Nations documents.

The Sub Series 2 – Correspondence is held in Boxes 0011 to 0013, folders 1 to 1 to 15. It consists of Mission letters to and from ANC offices in Africa, Anti-Apartheid movements, EEC institutions as well as faxes received and invitations.

The Sub Series 3- Publications, are held in Box 0014. The series contains folders 1 to 15 and consists of miscellaneous Anti-Apartheid magazines and periodicals.

ADDITION

 

Series I – Subject Files/ Correspondence

 

Sub Series 1 – Subject Files

Box 0001
0001. ACP (African, Caribbean, Pacific Group), 1988-1994
0002. Agreement between the ANC and the Government, 1992
0003. ANC Guidelines for a Democratic South Africa, 1992
0004. ANC Memos/Circular (1), 1990-1992
0005. ANC Memos/Circular (2), 1989-1993
0006. ANC National Conference 1991, 1990-1991
0007. ANC Policy/Discussion Documents (1), 1989-1991
0008. ANC Policy/Discussion Documents (2), 1990-1992

 

Box 0002
0009. ANC Seminars/Workshops, 1989-1990
0010. ANC Speeches (1), 1989-1993, 1980
0011. ANC Speeches (2), 1990-1993
0012. ANC Statements/declarations, 1990-1992, 1989
0013. ANC Women’s League, 1991
0014. ANC Youth League, 1991
0015. Anti-Apartheid Movement Publications, 1989-1992/ Belgian Publications, 1989-1990
0016. AWEPAA, 1990-192
0017. Belgian Government, 1993

 

Box 0003
0018. Broadcasting, n.d.
0019. CODESA. 1989-1992
0020. Commonwealth News Release, 1991-1993
0021. Conferences (1), 1990-1991
0022. Conferences (2), 1985-1993
0023. Contracts/Agreements, 1991-1994
0024. Constitutional Court, 1991
0025. COSATU (1), 1988-1989

 

Box 0004
0026. COSATU (2), 1987-1991
0027. COSATU (3), 1987-1988
0028. Council of European Communities, 1991-1993
0029. Cultural Academic Boycott, n.d.
0030. Directory, 1989-1990
0031. Education, 1988-1992
0032. Elections, 1994
0033. European Community Observer Mission in South Africa, 1992-1993

 

Box 0005
0034. European Community, 1989-1994
0035. European Community Statements/Declarations, 1990-1992
0036. European Multilateral Conference, 1993-1994
0037. Film/Video, 1988-1990
0038. Finance Department, 1990
0039. Groote Schuur/Pretoria Minutes, 1990
0040. Hani, Chris, 1993
0041. International Reception Committee, 1990
0042. Interviews, 1990
0043. Invitations, 1990-1991
0044. Joint Statements, 1990-1991
0045. Land Issue, 1991

 

Box 0006
0046. Levelling the Playing Field, 1993
0047. LOME Convention, 1990-1992
0048. Mandela, Nelson (1), 1990-1993
0049. Mandela, Nelson (2), 1990-1993
0050. Maps, n.d.
0051. Mayibuye Centre, 1992
0052. Minutes, 1990-1991
0053. Miscellaneous, 1988-1994
0054. Multi-Party Negotiations, 1991
0055. NGO’s, 1989-1991

 

Box 0007
0056. Nofomela, A, 1989
0057. OAU, 1987-1989
0058. Papers (1), 1989-1992
0059. Papers (2), 1990-1993
0060. Paris Statement, 1991
0061. Patriotic Front, 1991
0062. Peace, 1991-1993
0063. Photographs/Postcard
0064. Photographs/Postcards
0065. Political Prisoners, 1991

 

Box 0008
0066. Press Cuttings (1), 1990-1991
0067. Press Cuttings (2), 1989-1994
0068. Programmes/Itinerary, 1990-1992
0069. Projects (1), n.d.
0070. Projects (2), 1990
0071. Reports (1), 1989
0072. Reports (2), 1990-1991
0073. Reports (3), 1990
0074. Reports (4), 1990-1993

 

Box 0009
0075. Reports (5), 1989-1994
0076. Reports (6), 1989-1990
0077. Reports (7), 1989-1993
0078. Research – Education, 1988-1989
0079. Sanctions, 1990-1991
0080. SA Government Publications, 1990/ Southern Africa Publications 1990-1991
0081. SANSCO, 1990-1991
0082. SARDC, 1989-1991

 

 

Box 0010
0083. Speeches (1), 1990-1994
0084. Speeches (2),, 1990-1993
0085. Thebe, 1992
0086. Trade, 1992
0087. Trades Unions, 1974-1989
0088. United Nations: Communique, 1991
0089. United Nations: Elections. 1994
0090. Zabalaza, 1990

 

 

Sub- series 2 – Correspondence

Box 0011
0091. AAM/AWEPAA, 1990-1993
0092. ANC to ANC (1), 1990-1994
0093. ANC to ANC (2), 1990-1994
0094. ANC to ANC (3), 1990-1991
0095. Anti-Apartheid Movements, 1990-1993
0096. Correspondence (1), 1990-1993

 

Box 0012
0097. Correspondence (2), 1990-1993
0098. Correspondence (3), 1989-1992
0099. Education, 1990
0100. EEC Special Programme/SANAM (1), 1989-1990

 

Box 0013
0101. EEC Special Programme/SANAM (2), 1990
0102. EEC Institutions, 1990-1992
0103. Faxes Received (1), 1990-1993
0104. Faxes Received (2), 1990-1993
0105. Invitations, Embassies,, OAU, ACP, 1991-1993

 

 

Sub- series 3 – Publications

Box 0014
0106. Africa Watch, 1991
0107. Anti-Apartheid Beweging, 1990
0108. AWEPAA, 1991-1992
0109. Financial Times Survey, 1993
0110. International Mobilisation Against Apartheid, 1990
0111. National Committee Against Removals (NCAR), 1990
0112. Newsletter – Oil Embargo, 1991-1993
0113. Non a l’Apartheid, 1992-1993
0114. SASPU National, 1989
0115. Southscan, 1991
0116. SWAPO Publication, 1984
0117. Urban Focus, 1991
0118. Discussion Documents (1), n.d.
0119. Discussion Documents (2), 1990, 1992
0120. Discussion documents : Centre for Development Studies

 

ADDITIONS

 

Series I – Correspondence/Minutes / Discussion Documents

 

Box 0001
0001. Chief Representative, 1990-1991
0002. C.V’s of the prominent members of the ANC
0003. C.V OF Robert Selwyn Kidger Tucker
0004. Repatriation 1991, 1993
0005. EEC Deliberations on Aid to the ANC, 1990
0006. Europeans Against Apartheid
0007. Basic Political values for the survival of the Afrikaners, 1989

 

 

Sub- series 1 – Reports

Box 0002
0008. Budget, 1990-1994
0009. Europeans against Apartheid Accounts for 1988, 1989
0010. Kaqisa Trust Listing of Active projects, 1990
0011. Mr Nqombane’s visit to TEC Sub-council on Freign Affairs
0012. Project Proposals
0013. Report of the Commission of Enquiry into complaints by former ANC prisinors and detainees
0014. Report of AWEPA on the South Africa elections, 1994

 

 

Sub- series 2 – Discussion Documents

Box 0003
0015. UN :Centre against apartheid 1989-1992
0016. UN: Commission on Human rights 1991
0017. UN: Educational Training programme 1991-1992
0018. UN: General Assembly 1990-1992
0019. UN: International secretarial 1992-1993
0020. UN: News Digest 1990-1992
0021. UN: Resolutions, 1989-1993
0022. UN: United Nations Security Council 1993-1994
0023. UN: United Nations Special Committees 1989-1993