RECORDS, 1991 – 1997
(bulk dates, 1992 – 1994)
2 Boxes (.2 linear meters)
ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee
ACCESS: The collection is open
VISUAL MATERIAL: None
AUDIO MATERIAL: None
PRINTED MATERIAL: None
COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee
PROCESSED BY: Zolile Mvunelo, Mduduzi Mpanza, Albert Seema, Muzi Ntshingila, Fikile Khumalo and Mandla Khumalo.
REVISED BY: Africa Media Online (Nelly Xhumalo and Kulu Mushaka), October 2017
Jacob Zuma was born on the 12 April 1942 at Enkandla, near Eshowe in KwaZulu Natal. His father died after the World War II and as a result his mother had to seek employment in the Durban neighbourhood.
At an early age Zuma was heavily influenced by his family member who was a unionist and as a result he joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1959 and became an active member of uMkhonto we Sizwe in 1962.
While on his way out of the country in 1963, he was arrested with the group of 45 recruits and was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment at Robben Island Maximum Prison.
After his release in 1973, Jacob Zuma helped to mobilize internal resistance and was instrumental in re-establishment of underground structures in Natal Province between 1973 and 197 5. He left the country in 1975 and was based in Swaziland and Mozambique for a number of years.
In 1977 he became a member of the National Executive Committee and served as Chief Representative of the African National Congress in Mozambique. In 1987 he was appointed as head of underground structures and thereafter Chief of the Intelligent Department.
In 1990, he was among the first leaders to return to South Africa to begin the process of negotiations. He was instrumental in organising the Groote Schuur minutes between F.W. de Klerk regime and African National Congress that reached to an important decision about the return of exiles and release of political leaders. In the same year he was elected Chairperson of Southern Natal region at its first regional congress in Kwa-Zulu Natal. He took a leading role in fighting violence, resulting into a number of Peace Accords involving African National Congress and Inkatha Freedom Party.
In 1991, at the National Conference, he was elected as Deputy Secretary General. In 1993, Zuma was involved in negotiations between the ANC and the Inkhata Freedom Party (IFP), when violence erupted in Natal. He was later elected National Chairperson of the ANC and as Chairperson of the ANC in Natal in December 1994. In January 1994, he was nominated as the ANC candidate for the Premiership of Natal, a position the ANC lost to the IFP. Later that year, Zuma was appointed MEC of Economic Affairs and Tourism for the KZN provincial government. In December 1994, he was elected ANC National Chairperson. After the elections, he requested to be deployed to KZN to work to cement peace between ANC and IFP within the multi-party government of South Africa.
In December 1997 Jacob Zuma was elected as ANC Deputy President of the ANC at the conference held at Mafikeng, he then served as Deputy President of South Africa from 1999 to 2005. During his tenure he was involved in mediation with Burundi and, between Rwanda and DRC. In October 1998, Zuma received the Nelson Mandela Award for Outstanding Leadership for his role in ending political violence in KwaZulu-Natal in Washington DC (USA).
The above information was obtained from these sources:
The records of the office of the Deputy Secretary General listed in this Finding Aid reflect that there is gap that has not been recovered as the collection covers the correspondence series only.
This collection has only two levels of descriptions, i.e. series level which is correspondence and the item level (records on the same subject content that are grouped and put in a folder). The folders are arranged alphabetically according to the title folder.
Series 1 – Correspondence.
These are mainly letters between the office ofDepu1y Secretary General and various structures i.e. organisations, ANC departments, associations, corporate/business institutions, countries, learning institutions, legal institutions, media, political parties and world bodies, etc.
0001. Acknowledgment, 1993-1994
0002. African National Congress departments, 1993
0003. African National Congress Chairperson, 1994-1997
0004. African National Congress and Province, 1994
0005. African National Congress Chairperson Southern Natal Province, 1991-1995, 1997
0006. Associations, 1991, 1993-1994
0007. Concerns and Comments/Request, 1992-1994
0008. Corporate Bodies, 1993
0009. Corporate Bodies, 1994
0010. Foreign Relations: Countries, 1993-1994
0011. Foreign Relations: Embassy, 1992-1994
0012. Invitations, 1992-1994
0013. Leaning institutions, 1991-1992
0014. Leaning Institutions, 1993-1994
0015. Legal Matters, 1992, 1994
0016. Media, 1993-1994
0017. Peace Accord, 1992-1993
0018. Political Parties, 1994
0019. Policy Institutes, 1992-1994
0020. Premier Elect, 1994
0021. Press Releases, 1992-1994
0022. Trust and Foundations, 1991-1994
0023. World Bodies, 1993
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