UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

MOROGORO OFFICE, (Code:MoO)

RECORDS, 1960-1990

(bulk dates, 1966-1985 )

33 Boxes (3.4 linear meters)

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open.

PHOTOGRAPHS: None

VISUAL MATERIAL: None

AUDIO MATERIAL: None

PRINTED MATERIAL: Located in boxes 0001 – 0003.

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Reprocessing, arrangement and description done by
Mosoabuli Maamoe, 1999 MOROGORO OFFICE

REVISED BY : Africa Media Online (Kulu Mushaka) ,October 2017

 

Historical background on Morogoro Office

When the ANC was declared illegal in 1960, preparations were already made for setting up an external mission. The Lobatsi (Botswana) Conference of 1962 (the majority of delegates came from inside the country) emphasized the growing of the external mission.

Consultative meeting of the ANC National Executive Committee in 1965 and 1966 followed this conference. Among other things, this necessitated the opening of the ANC first mission office in Tanzania, southeast of the country in a town of Morogoro in the sixties. This was where the Provincial Headquarters of the ANC were established.

This was the place where Nelson Mandela used to stay during his hideout from the South African security search-web. He collaborated with other ANC leaders: Oliver Tambo, Johnny Makatini, Florence Mophosho, J.B Marks etc. who were already stationed in exile. The town is associated with the famous ANC Morogoro Conference held in 1969. In later years the organization moved its headquarters to Dar-Es-Salaam, and finally to Lusaka in Zambia.

 

Scope and Content Note

The Morogoro Office collection is comprised of 3.3 linear meters and five series:

Subject Files, Correspondence, Minutes, Reports, and Women. The series are not been alphabetically arranged according to normal procedures due to a technical error. However the order of arrangement and description is fine.

The Subject Files series spans the years 1960-1990. It documents earlier activities
of the ANC inter alia, the outside world: issues on education involving ANC students, solidarity affairs, membership to the organization, contacts and interactions with other liberation movements, an information that came from the Revonia Trial, and statements of the ANC on various important political events.

The Correspondence series spans the years 1963-1990. This series contains letters of the earliest ANC leaders in exile on various issues about the struggle, membership and linkages with international formations.

The Minutes series spans the years 1967-1988. It documents proceedings of
meetings held by the ANC members at various times on different items. It was one of the methods used to inform members about events and occasions they were faced with and to update themselves with mission’s objectives and goals.

The Reports series spans the years 1964-1989. The series consists of the tasks and duties that the mission set it to do. It is an account of challenges to the mission.
The Women series spans then years 1970-1989. The series shows the interaction
of the ANC Women Section with other women around the world on issues that affect them. These are reflected in various media, namely, publications, postcards and photos.

 

 

Series I – Subject files

 

Box 0001
0001. Accra 1, 1965-1966 correspondence Tambo, O.R, Nokwe, D, Resha, R, Malou, J, Hadebe, J notes on West Africa Mission Ghana and Nigeria
0002. Addresses of members and friends abroad
0003. Administration
0004. Adult Education, 1982-1983
0005. Advisor Planning Council
0006. Afro –Asian Latin American Conference of Solidarity, 1966
0006a. AACAPL Documents, 1966

 

Box 0002
0007. Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization, 1966-1970
0007a. Afro-Asian Solidarity
0008. Afro-Asian Writers Conference, 1967
0009. Agriculture project, 1987
0010. All Africa Trade Union, 1966
0011. Amieh Mohammed, 1966-1967
0012. ANC code of conduct, 1983-1988
0013. ANC Headquarters unit, 1966
0014. ANC Holland Hospital, 1987
0015. ANC members, 1975-1982
0016. ANC missions reports, 1982
0017. ANC statements on Rhodesia
0018a. ANC students abroad, 1960-1967/1981-1982

Box 0003
0018b. ANC students abroad, 1960-1967/1981-1982
0019. ANC transport, 1965
0020. ANC U.S Committee, 1966
0021. ANC .U.S (women), 1971-1973
0022. ANC women, 1965
0023. ANC youth Conference, 1982
0024. Anti-Apartheid (World Campaign), 1990
0025. Apartheid in sport, 1966
0026. Application 2nd Vice President Office, 1965
0027. Applications for marriages, 1978-1990
0028. Area Residential Committees (guidelines)
0029. Australia and Pacific Mission ANC’s, 1984
0030. Autobiographies, 1965-1974

 

Box 0004
0031. Bechuanaland (D. Madiba’s Letter), 1966
0032. Biography (Daddy Chaka)
0033. Botswana (State Prison: Ranka Ngwepe and other ANCsImprisonment, 1967
0034. British Certificates, 1978-1985
0035. Canada (women’s affairs), 1967-1974
0036. Cairo ANC Mission, 196s-1970
0037. Chief Abram Moiloa and the land issue, 1957
0038. Chief Representative, 1980-1985 (has 2 etra folders: 0038a 0038b)

 

Box 0005
0039. Chief Representative Dar (correspondence), 1978-1985
0040. Chief Representative, Principal and Commissar, 1984-1985
0041. Chief Representative, Regional and Commissar, 1985
0042. Chief Representative, Zimbabwe, 1984
0043. Child Care Centre, 1981-1988
0044. Christian Council of Tanganyika, 1963-1967
0045. Circulars Reports about NEC meeting held in Zambia  (August 27-31), 1971 Black South African wages, 1973; Training of political cadres; Chief Representative addresses
0046. Commemoration of Chief Albert Luthuli (programme), 1967
0047. Commissariat (Kongwa and Magadu camps), 1975/1984

 

Box 0006
0048. Committee of Conscience against Apartheid, 1967
0049. Commonwealth Secretariat, 1981-1985
0050. Communities of Morogoro and Dakawa, 1982-1985
0051. Composition of social institutions, 1967
0052. Congress of African Women (Bamako), 1965
0053. Congress Movement problems, 1966

 

 

Box 0007
0054. Construction records, 1978
0055. COSEC, 1964 ———missing folder
0056. Court of Justice: Christian Action and Trandem Books, 1965
0057. Dakawa Development Centre, 1983
0058. Danish Volunteer Services, 1986
0059. Defences and Aid, 1966-1967
0060. Dept. of Information and Publicity (Development in South), 1983
0061. Department of Religious Affairs (DRA), 1990-1991
0062. Department of Solidarity/ Cuba, 1968
0063. Directorate (correspondence), 1982-1985
0063a. Directorate (correspondence), 1982-1985
0064. Documentary survey (list of African Section material)

 

Box 0008
0065. Education matters, 1983-1987
0065a. Education matters, 1983-1987
0066. Embassies, 1982-1984
0067. Eureka Youth League (Australia), 1965
0068. Executive of the ANC (correspondence and meetings),  1966-1967
0069. Fisher, Abram, 1966
0070. FLN delegation to Dar, 1967
0071. FRELIMO, 1962-1965

 

 

Box 0009
0072. Friedrich Elbert Stiftung, 1987
0073. Frontline states (correspondence), 1984
0074. German Democratic Republic, 1965-1966
0075. Goods clearance, 1982-1983
0076. Government Representative-Tanzania, 1979-1990
0077. Headquarters documents, 1971-1984
0078. Health Dept. Lusaka, 1982-1984
0079. Hira, P.R-Nigeria, 1965-1966
0080. Home Affairs (Individual identities)

 

Box 0010
0081. Human Rights, 1967-1990
0082. Imprisonment of the ANC cadres (J.Mange and V.Matlou), 1979
0083. I.C.S.A workshop (report), 1981
0084. India (women affairs), 1967-1973
0085. International Department/ ANC (Lusaka), 1978-1984
0086. International Labour Organization, 1984-1985
0087. International Refugee Council Zambia, 1965-1966
0088. International Support (Scandinvia), 1984

 

 

Box 0011
0089. International University Exchange Fund, 1964-1980
0090. Interview with Julius Nyerere, 1976
0091. Invitations to SACTU Seminar, 1983
0092. Kapwepwe, S.M (Zambian Minster), 1966
0093. Kate Molale, 1970-1974
0094. Kitching Customs-Mbeya, 1964
0095. Kivukoni College, 1965-1966
0096. Kurasini Education Centre, 1966-1974

 

Box 0012
0097. Lekgotla La Sechaba La Afrika-Borwa, 1968
0098. Logistic Department, 1977-1984
0099. London activities, 1964-1965, 1974
(has 2 extra folders 0099a and 0099b)
0100. Lusaka (correspondence), 1966-1967
0101. Magadu Camp, 1974
0102. Makatini, Johnny, 1965-1967
0103. Makiwane, Tix, 1963

 

Box 0013
0104. Malagasy (correspondence), 1967
0105. Marks, J.B, 1963-1983  (has 5 extra folders: 0105a and 0105b, 0105c,0105d and 0105e)

 

Box 0014
0106. Mauritius Seminar: World Assembly of Youth, 1967
0107. Mazimbu Complex census, 1984
0108. Mbeki, Thabo, 1964-1965
0109. Meeting of Directorate, 1984
0110. Memoranda, 1983-1987
0111. Menace alcoholism
0112. Messages 28th Anniversary of the Adoption of the Freedom Charter, 1983 68th Anniversary of the ANC, 1980
0113. Military matters, 1965
0114. Minutes, 1973-1985 (has 2 extra folders 00114a and 0014b)
0115. Morogoro Conference Decisions, 1969
0116. Namibia (political situation), 1964-1984
0117. National Scholarship Committee form

 

 


Box 0015
0118. The 9th World Youth Festival, 1965
0119. News from the Soviet Union, 1982-1984
0120. Nkomati the Soviet Union, 1982-1984
0121. Norway people Aid, 1984
0122. Notes: Discussions between J.J.H, S.G, M.M, D.N, J.B, AND S.C, 1965-1967
0123. Ntilashe, Ernest: papers, minutes and reports, 1982-1985
0124. Nursery School, 1984-1988

 

Box 0016
0125. Nyota Uhuru (Tanzania Weekly News Bulletin), 1967
0126. The October Revolution Violence
0127. Olga on Revolutionary Violence
0128. OAU Strategy for Liberation of South Africa, 1980
0129. Oriental Despotism: articles and notes
0130. Pan Africanist Congress, 1981-1983
0131. Pan African Youth Festival, 1973
0132. Papers Anti-Imperialist forces and Liberation Movements Brainwashing and psychological warfare
0133. Paris Conference: Adult Education, 1982
0134. Poems, 1966, H.D
0135. The President (correspondence), 1964-1968/1980

 

Box 0017
0136. Algiers: Centre of World Revolution, 1971
0137. Apartheid, 1971
0138. Bantustans, 1971
0139. Black power Movement, 1971
0140. Fisher, Abram
0141. Lesotho: Reign of Torture, 1971
0142. Malnutrition and starvation, 1971
0143. Mandela, Winne, 1971
0144. Naidoo, Shanthie, 1971
0145. Organization of African Unity (OAU), 1971
0146. Pan African Freedom Movement for East, Central Central and Southern Africa (PAFMECSA), 1964
0147. Panther Organization
0148. Sanctions, 1965
0149. Situation in South Africa, 1964/1971
0150. South Africa and Outside World, 1971
0151. Roome, Normanda Orlando Swimming
0152. Vorster and Banda, 1971
0153. Women, 1970
0154. Zulu Tribal Fights, 1965
0155. Press release (Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe) , 1966- 1984
0156. Publications-international Bulletin peace Freedom And Socialism

 

Box 0018
0157. Prime Minister’s Office
0158. Public Relations Officer, 1967
0159. Publicity Dept., 1966-1968
0160. Radio Freedom, 1968
0161. Rantan, 1966-1967
0162. Regional Commissar, 1968-1984
0163. Regional Political Committee, 1978/1983
0164. Requisitions, 1987-1990
0165. Resignations, 1985
0166. Rvonia Trial, 1964
0167. Rica’s documents, 1985
0168. Sapazi Marcus, 1968
0168a. South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU)

 

Box 0019
0169. Secretary General, 1981-1983
0170. Serowe Brigades, 1970
0171. Sharpville, 1961
0172. Signs of communication between ANC officials, 1967
0173. Sisulu, Max, 1967
0174. Solidarity News service (Botswana), 1985
0175. Solidarity projects, 1980-1981
0176. SOMAFCO special records, 1978-1980

 

Box 0020
0177. South African Communist Party, 1965
0178. South African Extension Unit, 1985
0179. South African Day, 1967 (Kiswahili language)
0180. South African freedom News, 1967-1968
0181. South African Congress of Trade Unions, 1984-1985
0182. Southern Africa News features, 1966
0183. Soviet Afro-Asian Solidarity (ANC students in socialist Countries)
0184. Statements, 1963, 1971, 1984 (has 2 extra folders)
0185. Students, 1964
0185a. Students Affairs

 

Box 0021
0186. Swaziland News, 1964
0187. Swedish International Development Agency, 1980-1983
0188. TANU and ANC minutes, 1968-1969
0189. Tax clearances, 1978-1983
0190. Tenth World Festival of Youth (G.D.R), 1973
0191. Trade Union of South Africa, 1982
0192. Treasury, 1977-1985
0193. Tri-Continental Conference (report), 1966-1967

 

Box 0022
0194. Umoja wa wanawake wa Tanzania, 1965-1974
0195. UNESCO, 1967
0196. UN Officer Dar, 1964-1967
0197. U.S. investments, 1964
0198. Unity Movement’s letter to AAPSO, 1966
0199. Vehicles, 1967
0200. Vietnam, 1965-1973
0201. Vocational training for South African Refugees
0202. WAY LIBERATION FUNDED, 1965
0203. Welfare, 1965
0204. World council of peace
0205. Women affairs, 1970-1974

 

Box 0023
0206. Works Committee, 1980-1984
0207. World Campaign: Political Prisoner, 1964-1968
0208. World Federation of Democratic Youth, 1965-1968
0208a. World Federation of Democratic Youth, 1965-1968
0209. World Health Organization: psychological effects of Apartheid

 

Box 0024
0210. World Trade Union Conference
0211. Young Socialist League of Australia, 1967
0212. Youth Section, 1971-1985
0212a. Youth Section, 1971-1985
0213. Yugoslavia (J.J Hadebe), 1963-1966
0214. Zimbabwe (correspondence), 1980-1984
0215. Zonal political Committee, 1985-198

 

 

Series II – Correspondence

 

Box 0025
0001. An Appeal to ANC Youth and students (implementation of the
ANC Working Documents), 1969
0002. Chief Representative, 1978-1985
0003. Kgokong, A (articles), 1966/1968
0004. Mails recording book
0005. Maleka, U, 1971
0006. Marks, J.B, 1964-1965
0007. Mophosho, 1963-1979
0007a.Youth Section, 1971-1985

 

Box 0026
0008. Nokwe, D, 1963-1968
0009. Regional Political Committee, 1983
0010. Secretary General (ANC), 1984-
0011. Shope, M, 1963-1972
0012. SOMAFCO, 1980-1990
0012a. SOMAFCO, 1980-1990
0013. Stuart, J, 1968-1972
0014. Sweden, 1971-1974
0015. Telexes
0016. To ANC Units (Arms sale to South Africa), 1970
0017. MK, 1979

 

Series III – Minutes

 

Box 0027
0001. Directorate, 1971-1986
0002. Extended Commissariat meeting, 1984
0003. Extended NEC Meeting, 1967/1974
0004. Kong Camp & the region, 1975
0005. Kotane Residence, 1983
0006. Luthuli Detachment, 1971-1984
0007. Office Committee, 1971-1984
0008. Regional Committee, 1975
0009. Regional H.D., 1975
0010. Regional Political Committee, 1983
0011. Regional Youth Committee, 1984
0012. Secretary General Office, 1967
0013. Zonal Political Committee, 1986-1988

 

Series IV – Reports

 

Box 0028
0001. Algiers Conference, 1969
0001a. Algiers Conference, 1969
0002. ANC Cuba visit
0003. Departments and Political organs, 1982
0004. Establishment of Women Secretariat, 1970
0005. Executive Committee (10th Congress of IUS), 1972
0006. Journey from Dar to Cairo (W.Hempe)
0007. Morogoro, 1983
0008. National Executive Committee (Lusaka), 1978. Situation in South Africa Structure of the movement
0009. Propaganda material 1966
0010. Regional Commissar (military matters), 1975
0011. Regional Headquarters, 1975
0012. Special report: ANC members in U.K, 1974
0013. Special report: ANC and other forces in the struggle, 1987
0014. Sub-Committee on Bulletins, 1964
0015. Visit to Somalia by Mzwandile Piliso, 1971

 

Series V – Women’s Affairs

 

Box 0029
0001. Voice of Women articles, 1970-1975
0001a. Voice of Women articles, 1970-1975
0002. Women’s Bureau-AAPSO Conference (Mongolia), 1972
0003. Women’s First Conference (Luanda), 1981
0004. Women’s second Conference
0005. Women’s International Democratic Federation, 1964-1976

 

Box 0030
0006. Women Postcards, 1966
0007. Women’s Section (various topics), 1971-1985
(has 3 extra folders 0007a 0007b and 0007c)
0008. Women photographs

 

ADDITION

Series I – Correspondence

Box 0031
0001. Chief Representative, 1982-1985
0002. Chief Representative, 1982-1985
0003. Press cuttings, 1964-1965
0004. Press cuttings, 1970-1972

 

Box 0032
0005. Eric Mtshali (correspondence), 1974
0006. Information Bulletin (publications), 1974
0007. Jabwanis Morogoro documents
0008. J.B Marks Photographs
0009. Marks, J.B file

 

Box 0033
0010. Means of communications, 1964