UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

SENEGAL MISSION, (CODE: SeM)

 

RECORDS, 1966-1990

(bulk dates, 1980 – 1990)

13 Boxes (1.3 linear meters)

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open

PHOTOGRAPHS: Located in Box 6

VISUAL MATERIAL: None

AUDIO MATERIAL: None

PRINTED MATERIAL: Intermingled

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Arrangement and description done under the auspices of a joint project between the University of Fort Hare and the University of Michigan. Primary processor, Lisa Klopfer, June 1999. History of the mission by Sadie Forman. Reprocessed by Khanyisa Bottoman, July 2003

REVISED BY: Africa Media Online (Kulu Mushaka), February 2018

 

 

Historical background of Senegal Mission

Introduction

When the Nationalist Government banned the African National Congress (ANC) on 8 April 1960, the ANC began operating underground in South Africa. Outside the country the ANC started to establish itself as the official voice of South Africa’s voteless masses. By the 1970s recognition of the ANC’s legitimacy was growing, not only amongst the multiplicity of non-governmental anti-apartheid organizations, but also among foreign governments.
The first missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. By 1980, the ANC had offices and representatives in 32 countries. The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government. The missions also provided assistance to South African exiles. Following the banning of the organisation, Oliver Tambo, President General of the ANC left South Africa to head of the ANC’s external operations.

On 2 February 1990 the bans on the ANC and other political organisations were lifted. A process of negotiations between the unbanned organisations and the South African government ensued. In 1992 the ANC instructed its missions to collate and box their records for shipment to South Africa. These records were to form the basis of the official archives of the ANC, from which a true history of the ANC’s role in the struggle against apartheid could be written.

 

 

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of five series: Newspaper Clippings, Correspondence, Periodicals, Photographs and Subject Files. The bulk of the collection lies in the Publications series but original items of interest may be found in the Correspondence and Subject Files series.

The Subject Files Series I contain a great variety of materials, including correspondence, reprints and conference materials. One large folder is devoted to materials from SWAPO (South West Africa Peoples’ Organization).

The Correspondence Series II consists of seven folders. Items of interest might include an original invitation to Nelson Mandela from the president-elect of Mali (in “Faxes Dispatched” folder).

The Newspaper Clippings / Photographs Series III consists of two folders, one with photographs and negatives, and the other folder consists of newspaper clippings and included in it are photocopies from English language papers around the world concerning ANC and South Africa.

The Publications Series V contains 10 folders, most of which contain a single title. Researchers should note that other publications may also be found in the Subject Files series.

 

 

Series I – Subject Files

Box 0001
0001. ANC call for economic & oil sanctions against South Africa
0002. ANC campaigns, 1986 – 1989
0003. ANC discussion documents, n.d, 1990 – 1991, 1994
0004. ANC documents of the OSLO Conference, 1989
0005. ANC Military collaboration
0006. ANC National conference in Durban, South Africa, 1991
0007. ANC Statements and Communiqué, 1981-1983, n.d
0008. ANC Statements by the NEC, n.d, 1979, 1986, 1989 – 1990
0009. Anniversaries: 21st Anniversary of the Umkhonto we Sizwe & the 70th Anniversary of the ANC, 1980-1982, nd
0010. Anti-Apartheid News, 1990 – 1992
0011. Anti-Apartheid: World Campaign against military and nuclear collaboration with S.A, 1987
0012. Apartheid’s violence against children, 1987

 

Box 0002
0013. Arusha Conference, 1984
0014. CODESA, n.d.,1992
0015. C.O.D.E.S.R.I.A, 1985
0016. Communiqué Mision Permanente de Cuba
0017. Communication – Proposition De project no.2, n.d
0018. DAC – Department of Arts and Culture, 1989
0019. Declaration of the 7th annual meeting of the Central Committee of SWAPO of Namibia, 1985
0020. Discussion documents for the ANC national conference, 1991
0021. Discussion papers: Ideology and social structure in 20th century South Africa, 1972
0022. Forced removals: My most memorable experience
0023. Gambia Anti-Apartheid movement (GAAM)
0024. Hani, Chris: My life
0025. Institut Culturel African (ICA), 1988, 1990
0026. National Anthem: Nkosi Sikelel’ Afrika

 

Box 0003
0028. OAU on South Africa, 1989
0029. Papers, n.d., 1973, 1982, 1986
0030. Paper: Culture as a weapon and the involvement of the youth in cultural work
0031. Papers on the situation in Southern & South Africa, n.d., 1983, 1989
0032. Papers presented by Barbara Masekela, 1989
0033. Press Release, 1991
0034. Press statements between ANC, Contralesa & leaders of governments of Transkei, Lebowa, Kangwane, 1991
0035. Report – Days of defiance: A special report on repression, 1989
0036. Report – Department of International Affairs: funding workshop, 1989
0037. RESA (Research on Education in South Africa) papers
0038. Speeches
0039. South Africa & the security council, n.d.
0040. South Africa: Capital accumulation and violence by Martin Legassick

 

Box 0004
0041. SWAPO (South West Africa People’s Organisation), 1976, 1978, 1980 – 1982, 1985, 1987 – 1988
0042. Thabo Mbeki’s Curriculum Vitae
0043. The Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee,  n.d., 1990
0044. U.S Legislation on South Africa, 1986
0045. International conference in support of the struggle of the Namibia people for independence, 1983

 

Series II – Correspondence

Box 0005
0001. ANC Press Statements; Lusaka, Zambia, 1990
0002. Boesak, Allen letters to Adriaan Vlok, 1989
0003. Correspondence – letters, 1978, 1982, 1990 – 1991, 1993
0004. Faxes Dispatched, n.d., 1992
0005. IDAF (International Defence Aid Fund for Southern Africa), n.d
0006. Invitations, 1991
0007. Speeches delivered by the Chief Representative, 1990

 

 

Series III – Photographs / Newsclippings

Box 0006
0001. Photographs & Negatives
0002. Newsclippings, 1966, 1968, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1990 – 1993

 

 

Series IV – Publications

Box 0007
0001. L’Afrique du Sud, 1990
0002. Race: A journal of race & group relations, 1972 – 1973
0003. Revolution in the making: Black politics in South Africa, n.d.
0004. Slovo, Joe; A negotiations strategy, 1992
0005. The South African working class & the national democratic revolution, by Joe Slovo
0006. SWAPO, n.d., 1981, 1984 – 1985
0007. The Mineral Industry of Namibia: Perspective for independence
0008. The South African Iron & Steel Industry, n.d.
0009. Torture is part of the system
0010. VIth International Conference on AIDS in Africa, n.d.

 

 

Series V –Documents in English

Box 0008
0001. Correspondence 1977,1981, 1985, 1987, 1990-1991, n.d.
0002. Discussion documents in French 1976-1977, 1981-1986, 1988, 1990-1991, n.d.
0003. Discussion documents 1985, 1988, 1990, n.d.
0004. Document de Mandela 1989
0005. Documents on the Liberation of South Africa 1981, 1983, 1988-1990, n.d.
0006. Handwritten notes
0007. SWAPO correspondence 1978
0008. Report 1990-1992, n.d.
0009. Telexes

 

 

Series I – Additions: Correspondence

Box 0009
0001. ANC delegation for Cape Town talks, 1990
000la. Amos Banda
0002. Chief Representative,1988, 1990, 1993
0003. Circulaire no. 0189 du 2 Aout 1988
0004. Foreign Language
0005. Letter by Holding Kebe -Dakar, to president of the ANC, Nelson
0006. Mega Concert (Dakar), 1990
0007. Morts a Soweto, poem by Oumar Willane, Dakar, 1976 Aout 7
0008. Re: Conspiratorial Cabal document by Aubrey Mokoena, National Coordinator of the UDF, 1990 June 6
0009. Save the political prisoners, pamphlets, 1982, 1983, 1986
0010. South West Africa Peoples Organisation, SW APO of Namibia, 1990
0011. Telexes, 1990

 

 

Series II – Reports

Box 0010
0001. Bill of rights for a democratic South Africa -Working draft for consultation, 1990
0002. British policy towards South Africa, n.d.
0003. Draft resolution on an urgent meeting of the Security Council on the situation in South Africa, 1992
0004. La torture fait partie du systeme la violence d’ etat en Afrique de sud et en Namibie, n.d. written in French
0005. Report from a visit to South Africa by Margaret Backman, 1985 March -April
0006. Resolution on violence, n.d.
0007. South African Defence chief visit the Pentagon, n.d.
0008. Stop the execution of ANC Militants, 1982
0009. Violence, n.d.

 

 

Series III – Statements

Box 0011
0001. Address by comrade T. T. Nkobi to the fundraising workshop, Somafco, 1986 March 14 -20
0002. ANC Statement on Pretoria’s terrorism, issued by secretary general Alfred Nzo, 1988 Feb 11
0003. ANC Women’s Secretariat on fascist sentences imposed on 12 ANC members in the Pietermaritzburg secret trial, 1979
0004. Birthday of the South African peoples movement, 70th anniversary of the ANC, n.d.
0005. Full text of Nelson Mandela’s address to the people on the day of his unconditional release after 27 years in prison Grand Parade, Cape town, 1990 Feb 11
0006. Joint statement of a meeting of patriotic forces in CODESA, 1992 March
0007. Media release on the statement by the South African President Mr. P.W. Botha to Parliament, 1986 April 17
0008. Press release on observance of South African Heroes day in New York, dedicated to Pretoria 9 treason trialists, 1980 Dec 31
0009. Press statements, 1990, 1991
0010. South African freedom day, June 26
0011. Statement by the Secretary General to the Oslo conference, n.d.
0012. Statement of the ANC on the appointment of the selous scouts suicide squad leader by the Pretoria white minority regime to command puppet Transkei Bantustan Army, by Alfred Nzo, 1981 June 3
0013. Statement of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress, n.d.
0014. Statement of the NEC of the ANC on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Umkhonto we Sizwe, 1981 Dec 16
0015. Statement on the recent visit to Iran by ANC delegation, 1979 Dec
0016. Straightening facts, by the ANC Dakar Office n.d.
0017. Twenty first anniversary of Umkhonto we Sizwe, 1982 Dec 16

 

 

Series IV – Discussion Documents/ Minutes

Box 0012
0001. Los Angeles City initiatives against South Africa: Background paper, 1985 May 7
0002. Papers of Chief Representative, Julius Shekeshe, 1990-1991 (Handwritten)
0003. South Africa’s Military Build up, US on the Scene, by Jennifer Davis, 1975 July 24
0004. Stop the execution of ANC militants, sentenced to death for fighting racial oppression in SA, 1982?
0005. Youth and present situation, n.d
0006. Meeting with the European and North American Anti –Apartheid Movements, Brussels, 1991 Jan 11 -13 
0007. Meeting in the Kremlin between Anatoly Lukyanov, Valentin Falin, and the delegation of the ANC led by Oliver Tambo, March 11

 

 

Series V – Publications

Box 0013
0001. Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, IRC News 1 1990
0002. Political prisoners in South Africa, IDAF information notes and briefings 90/1, 1990 Feb
0003. South African Prisons and the red cross investigation, an examination by the IDAF with prisoner, testimony, 1967 July
0004. State of emergency detentions, Names of reported detained, IDAF briefing paper on Southern Africa no 21, 1986 Sept
0005. Mkhonto African National Congress, and ANC Campaigns newsletter